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Government Aims to Dictate Your Vitamin Dosages

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Draconian limits on vitamin dosage amounts could be coming if the feds get their way. Action alert!

That bottle of 1000mg vitamin D capsules in your medicine cabinet could soon be contraband. Important entities are meeting to discuss how to restrict the kinds of supplements you can take under the guise of “harmonization” of supplement standards. If they’re allowed to move forward, it’s possible that the federal government could adopt restrictions on vitamin doses that can be legally sold, as Europe has already done.

At the request of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) recently convened a workshop to “assess methodological approaches that could be applied uniformly across countries in setting nutrient intake recommendations,” with particular attention on how standards could be set for population subgroups such as young children and women of reproductive age. “Nutrient intake recommendations” include upper levels of intake, which are used to restrict the vitamin dose that a supplement can contain.

This workshop is another in a series of meetings NAS is involved in with other entities, including the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations, who are both sponsors of Codex, to discuss limits on vitamin doses. As we reported previously, Codex is an intergovernmental body whose goal is to establish international standards regarding food safety and food ingredients, with the goal of promoting “fair trade practices” and consumer protections. Codex standards on supplements, however, are widely expected to follow Europe’s draconian restrictions, where selenium, for example, is limited in supplement form to that found in one-third of a Brazil nut.

It is extremely concerning that NAS is working to establish upper limits for supplements on multiple fronts. To be clear, NAS cannot create standards—they merely make recommendations. But government bodies listen closely to NAS, and as we discussed in our previous article, it isn’t clear whether the FDA can ban therapeutic supplements doses on its own, without public involvement. If the agency decides, following recommendations from NAS, that vitamin D, for example, over a certain amount “presents a significant or unreasonable risk of illness or injury”—the legal definition of an adulterated supplement—the FDA may be able to ban it. The agency recently placed restrictions on certain bulk caffeine products along similar lines, so the path seems open for similar actions against other products.

Of additional concern is that NAS has proven that it does not understand the science of supplements. Recall that their “experts” recommended that adults ingest 600 IU of vitamin D each day, and they established an upper level (the level above which supposedly poses a danger to adults) of 4,000 IU. Any real experts will tell you this is nonsense; the Vitamin D Council recommends 5,000 IU of vitamin D for adults, and it’s not uncommon for an integrative physician to recommend higher levels when needed. For this reason, we don’t want NAS anywhere near a discussion that could lead to supplement restrictions.

What the NAS, Codex, and European authorities don’t seem to understand is that, to gain the beneficial effects of certain vitamins, they must at times be taken in therapeutic doses. Consider vitamin C. Research has indicated that therapeutic doses of vitamin C impart many benefits. Students who supplemented with hourly doses of 1000mg vitamin C for six hours and then three times daily afterwards exhibited an 85% decrease in cold and flu symptoms compared to those who took decongestants. Therapeutic vitamin C regimens also have heart protective benefits, including reducing damage caused by heart attacks and lowering coronary heart disease risk. For comparison, the “safe” upper limit set by the NAS for vitamin C is 2,000mg. (Note that the upper levels currently set by the NAS are meant to serve merely as a guide, that is, they are non-binding.)

In the past, NAS has studied and published upper limits for a handful of vitamins and minerals, mostly for educational purposes. Our concern is that now, NAS is increasingly meeting and consulting with governmental bodies from other countries who have been responsible for setting upper limits and then banning supplements above those limits, as the European Union has done. Will the US head down the same road? It’s unclear as of yet, but these recent developments are not encouraging.

Compared to other parts of the world, the US enjoys relative freedom in our choices regarding therapeutic doses of supplements. We must act now, in the initial stages of the multiple processes underway at NAS, to make sure it stays that way.

Action Alert! Write to Congress and the FDA, the agency that would be responsible for any future bans on supplements, and tell them not to limit therapeutic doses of supplements in the US. Please send your message immediately.

Source: Government Aims to Dictate Your Vitamin Dosages

Alliance for Natural Health: CDC data shows that supplements are overwhelmingly safe

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HHS Says Supplements Send 23,000 People to the Hospital ER! Each Year!

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Balderdash. The agency’s own CDC data shows that supplements are overwhelmingly safe. Action Alert!

The mainstream media is using a new study funded by the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), released last week, to renew the false charges that supplements are unregulated, unsafe, and require more federal oversight.

Even a cursory examination of the data provided in the study, however, demonstrates once again that the alarmist headlines and the calls for tighter regulations are completely unsupported by the evidence.

First, over 20% of the cases analyzed were the result of unsupervised children swallowing pills. 40% of cases among those 65 and older were caused by choking. Many other cases were heart palpitations from ingesting too many diet pills, sexual enhancement pills, and energy drinks. Undoubtedly some percentage of these so-called dietary supplements were simply illegal substances, but we aren’t told what the percentage is.

One of HHS’s agencies, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), reports that there were actually only 3,249 supplement-related adverse event reports submitted, either from doctors or hospitals, to the FDA in 2012—a far cry from the 23,000 being claimed in the study.

Part of the gross discrepancy in the numbers is likely due to the fact that eye drops, ear drops, and other over-the-counter products that are not dietary supplements were apparently included by the researchers. Why they chose to do this, they will have to explain.

The study also omits important details on the adverse events counted. For instance, it does not report which products caused the adverse events. This is important because many adverse reactions could be the result of a handful of “adulterated” (illegal) products. The FDA already has the authority to remove adulterated products from the market. Supplements are further regulated by the FTC and must also follow stringent good manufacturing practices to ensure that products are safe.

In fact, the study actually demonstrates something we have been saying for a long time: supplements have an exemplary track record of safety. Considering that about half of all Americans—about 150 million people—use dietary supplements, even the inflated 23,000 number represents only about 0.015% of dietary supplement users.

Pharmaceutical drugs, on the other hand, even when properly prescribed, cause an estimated 1.9 million hospitalizations and 128,000 hospital deaths each year. Deaths outside of hospitals would add considerably to this total if recorded. If public health were truly HHS’s concern, shouldn’t they be focusing on prescription drugs?

What explains the misleading focus on supplements? Not surprisingly, some of the authors of the study are FDA officials. For years the agency has been trying to increase its authority over supplements, attempting to institute a drug-like approval system for them. Because Big Pharma pays the FDA’s bills and provides cushy post-government jobs, we suspect that a lot of this is attempting to curry favor with drug companies.

A drug approval system for supplements, remember, would lead to the destruction of the industry. Unable to pay the exorbitant cost of the FDA approval process (because they sell unpatentable natural substances and could never charge enough to recoup their investment for even one of their products, never mind their entire product line), supplement producers would have to shutter their doors, eliminating thousands of products from the market. This removes competition for Big Pharma and allows them either to monopolize the supplement market or more often try to turn supplements into hugely expensive prescription drugs.

Don’t be fooled by the headlines. The overall strategy at play here has little to do with consumer safety and much, much more to do with bolstering the bottom line of the world’s major pharmaceutical companies. For more information on supplement safety, visit our SupplementFactCheck.org.

Action Alert! Send a message to HHS, urging them to stop their smear campaign against supplements and to fairly represent the facts. Please send your message immediately.

Take-Action

 

The Durbin/DeLauro Food Safety Nightmare Returns: Now They come for your Supplements and Vitamins!

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strip bannernew-logo25Marti Oakley

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DeLauro and Durbin are selling their new efforts to redefine supplements and vitamins so that only big pharma can manufacture and sell them.  They are calling it the Food Safety Act 2015.  Excuse me!  Didn’t we just do this fake food safety thing about five years ago?  The cost of this horrendously disastrous bill was billions.  Now Obama is asking for another 1.6 billion to further exacerbate the issue with a new round of fake food safety?

No, no, NOThese bills will do two things:  1) Create another monolithic, uncontrollable secretive agency that will work in favor of globalism and against American food producers, and 2) it will be used to redefine vitamins and supplements as a medicine so that this market sector can be monopolized by big pharma.

Depending on where you get your information, the supplement industry generates 28-30 billion a year in sales. BINGO! Now you know the real reason Durbin is so hell-bent on creating a new bureaucracy to facilitate the over-taking of the vitamin/supplement industry. This would make a wonderful gift to his pharmaceutical donors.

Its unfortunate that Dick Durbin and Rosa DeLauro express no concern over the injuries and deaths caused by pharmaceuticals and vaccines. These two items represent tens of thousands of deaths and permanent injuries each and every year. Instead, these two political sell-outs are working at a feverish pace to sequester the supplement industry and put it not only under control of some huge new bureaucracy, but squarely in the hands of big pharmaceutical companies.

Just imagine for a moment, if a supplement was advertised on your TV and the manufacturer said the supplement could cause homicidal, suicidal ideation. What if they went on to say the supplement could cause an increase in the likelihood of heart attack or stroke? Brain bleeds? Paralysis? Tremors? What if they admitted that the medication would cause damage to the brain? To internal organs? What if they said it could cause high blood pressure and diabetes? What if they said it could also cause death?

How long do you think that supplement would be on the market? Yet medications and vaccines are advertised hundreds of times a day; advertisements that admit the products are dangerous to take, if not outright deadly.

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Senator Durbin attacks supplements…AGAIN!

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Note:  Where was Senator Durbin when Vioxx killed an estimated 500,000 people?  Where is he when the FDA approves as safe and effective, medications and vaccines that kill or permanently harm individuals?  He is nowhere to be found!  Supplement manufacturers are already restrained from making unfounded claims.  And, supplements are not protected by the FDA so-called “rates of acceptable deaths” associated with big pharma .  Personally, I think we should demand that government officials be labeled… toxic and dangerous!

Durbin’s bill, S 1310  The proposed law trusts the FDA and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to decide what levels and combinations of dietary ingredients are considered safe and what aren’t. Given the FDA’s profound bias against supplements, and the skewed, anti-science recommendations of the IOM’s recent vitamin D report, these are hardly trustworthy sources of guidance!

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You won’t believe this, but Senator Durbin has actually reintroduced his disastrous anti-supplement bill!

Today, just as Congress is preparing to recess until the second week in September, Sen. Dick Durbin (D-IL) reintroduced legislation that would deal a deadly blow to nutritional supplements.

This bill is a naked new FDA power grab—an attempt to move us one step closer to a full FDA pre-approval system for supplements. That, of course, would just make supplements insanely expensive, like drugs—if you could get them at all.

URGENT! Please write to your senators immediately and tell them to stop Sen. Durbin’s frontal attack on your right to use supplements dead in its tracks! We don’t need this new legislation—all we need is for existing laws to be fully enforced. We do need our access to nutritional supplements to be protected.

Tell Your Senators to Oppose Sen. Durbin’s Dietary Supplement Labeling Act

The Dietary Supplement Labeling Act has been introduced in the in the Senate by Sen. Dick Durbin (D-IL).  The bill targets nutritional supplements and supplement manufacturers in an effort to pass unnecessary new regulations and give the FDA vast new powers.

This bill requires that the FDA, together with the Institute of Medicine, compile a list of dietary ingredients (supplements) that could lead to adverse events or are otherwise deemed risky in some way. But creating lists of “bad” ingredients or “bad” doses based on completely arbitrary or non-existent standards is a slippery slope. Please do not be misled. This is not a minor change to DSHEA. It will give the FDA major new powers to curtail supplement sales. It will lead inexorably to pre-approval for supplements—and that will cost so much that most supplements will disappear.

Moreover, almost all of the bill’s other provisions are already covered by existing law. There is no need for any new legislation, especially with the vague language in this bill; the only need is for existing laws to be fully enforced.  Sign petition HERE!

The FDA as it exists: A clear and present danger to the public

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Marti Oakley (c)copyright 2011 All Rights Reserved

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On August 20th, 2010, the FDA issued a recall and alert of an estimated 300 million (or was it billion?) eggs that were produced at Wright County Egg in Galt, Iowa. Far from being the first time this egg company had been sited for unsanitary conditions or other FDA violations, the FDA subsequent to the latest infractions which affected consumers in many states, issued a warning letter (yet again) to the company. No one from Wright Egg Company was arrested; no product was seized or destroyed and not one person associated with Wright Egg was taken to court or charged with any crimes. What did follow was a letter of warning.

The letter states: “Failure to take prompt corrective action may result in regulatory action being initiated by the Food and Drug Administration without further notice.  These actions include, but are not limited to, seizure and/or injunction.” 

No seizure or injunction occurred.  In fact,Wright County Egg really never missed a day of production, or was penalized in any meaningful way for their ongoing disregard of FDA standards.

The FDA is in ongoing communications with Wright County Egg to ensure that appropriate preventive measures are put in place to reduce the risk of recurrence.” 

I bet they were really shakin’ in their shoes! (sarc) More

FDA threat to your health: Vitamins, supplements and alternative health therapies as “medicinal”

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Marti Oakley (c)copyright 2011 All Rights Reserved

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“As a result of their continuing protection of, and approval of, untested medications and vaccines producers, is it any wonder the FDA Food & Drug Administration) is now openly referred to by the public as the “Federal Death Administration”?  

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Even as the FDA has for decades routinely given a seal of approval to toxic and deadly medications and vaccines, claiming they are safe, and as hundreds and thousands of people, if not millions,  have died or have been permanently injured as a result of their incompetence and gross dereliction of duty, this agency continues its assault on natural remedies and aids claiming they need to be regulated by FDA.  

While one toxic and deadly medication, such as Vioxx can claim 70,000 lives, the manufacturer is never shut down by the FDA.  Merck Pharmaceuticals never pays any fines or penalties.  While they may be sued in court for wrongful death, this is only AFTER they have sold enough of their toxin to exceed any long term risk assessment costs. 

In other words:  Merck knows its product is lethal.  It weighs the long term risk. The questions are never those of public safety, possible harm or death from using their product, but rather:

  • Can we sell enough of Vioxx fast enough and at levels high enough to offset what we estimate will be the costs of lawsuits for the people we killed or permanently injured and still make a hefty profit?” More

Burning Goodwill: A reply to a consumer organization regarding S.510

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Copyright ©2010 by W. R. McAfee, Sr.

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A reply to a consumer organization’s email soliciting ‘friends’ to contact their representatives in Washington and ask them to support  S. 510, the Food “Safety” bill

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You are either totally ignorant about the contents of S. 510, the food “safety” bill, or you are a shill.

 Effective April 1, 2011, the selling of vitamins and nutritional supplements without a prescription will officially become illegal in Europe. The framework for this travesty is called the Codex Alimentarius, Napoleonic-era gibberish and brainchild of the World “Health” Organization, that was instituted to make the natural and organic health supplements go away—a  three billion dollar a year competitive market that cuts into the profits of BigPharma’s prescription pill and vaccine factories. 

Codex is being brought to humanity by these same wonderful folk—the World Health Organization and ‘associates’—who attempted to orchestrate a swine flu “pandemic” for the globe after hyping it four years—how does anyone know a “pandemic” is coming four years out?—so vax manufacturers could pre-sell governments their “vaccines” so they could “. . .be ready when it started.”

Which it didn’t. Sort of, they tried to throw a pandemic but no one came to the shot party.  At least not nearly  enough to use all the vaccine the governments had paid for.  Then they tried giving it away.  Still not enough takers.

One shipment of the vaccine that was sent to a European lab was “inadvertently” contaminated with the virus that could have started the pandemic in Europe had not the lab checked it before distributing the vaccine.

Imagine that.

America’s Food “Safety” bill, S. 510, also makes illegal backyard vegetable and fruit gardens, as well as products grown by large, wholesale, organic producers for organic outlets such as Whole Foods. The organic food market is the fastest growing market in the food industry today.  It also cuts directly into the World Health/World Trade Organization’s scheme to control the world’s food through genetically modified seed and patents.

Are the players beginning to sound familiar?  They’re the same players that manufactured genetically modified cotton seed. Want to know how the people who’ve grown cotton and food organically for thousands of years fared with this genetically modified cotton?  Take a look:

 Farmers in India pay the ultimate price for their debt More

We become silent: A 2005 documentary detailing the coming take over of food and Implementation of CODEX Alimentarius

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We Become SilentIf you thought it was because government is concerned about your health; if you thought it was anything other than a corporate take over of food and dietary supplements…you need to watch this documentary from 2005.  Michael Taylor, the new food Czar from Monsanto, and former FDA higher up….laying the groundwork for what was to come.  The threat of the World Trade Organization as well as the real reasons for NAFTA/CAFTA…….it has nothing to do with trade, only corporate business; a business which targets you.

International award-winning filmmaker Kevin P. Miller of Well TV announced the release of a new documentary about the threat to medical freedom of choice. We Become Silent: The Last Days of Health Freedom details the ongoing attempts by multinational pharmaceutical interests and giant food companies — in concert with the WTO, the WHO and others — to limit the public’s access to herbs, vitamins and other therapies.

We Become Silent is narrated by Dame Judi Dench, the noted UK actress who has won multiple Golden Globe awards, an Oscar, and a Tony for her on-stage work, in addition to dozens of other honors throughout her prestigious career.

Watch film here:  WE BECOME SILENT

S.510: And congress moves against the people once again. Who will protect America from Congress and the USDA/FDA?

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Marti Oakley (c)copyright 2010 All Rights Reserved 

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The Money Trail

http://www.opencongress.org/money_trail

Go here to find out how much each of our elected officials has been collecting from the lists of supporters of this bill. Then read the lists of supporters: it’s a who’s who of biotech, and big AG.  If you can read these lists and still come away thinking this bill is about food safety, stop reading here; we can’t do anything else for you.

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If ever there was a reason to vote the bums and the bumettes out, surely the coming vote on S.510, The Assault on Domestic Agriculture euphemistically called a “Food Modernization Act”, would be that reason.  A “yes” vote on this bill is a vote against the sovereignty of the United States and wholesale capitulation to unlawful trade and harmonization agreements including Codex Alimentarius. Nothing in this Act is intended to, or will, secure the food supply and make it safe.  The safety of food will only be accomplished by keeping corporate federal agencies out of your state!  

The Federal government is once again, knowingly entering into a area where they have no valid constitutional authority and can claim no enabling act or constitutional clause, as a source from which they could derive authority over agriculture.  The misinterpretation of the commerce clause, knowingly misrepresented, cannot facilitate the enactment of this Act into positive, enforceable, law. 

Congress, lacking any constitutional authority, is fully aware they can confer no mandate onto the states causing them to comply with any portion of this Act, has inserted provisions into the Act ordering private corporate contracting to take place between the federal corporations known as the USDA and FDA and other federal corporations, and the state corporations designated by each governor to act as agents on behalf of the state.  This is the only way any of these agencies can gain access to the states; your governor will open the door!  More

Codex Serves Up A Hearty Helping of Melamine!

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Live Link:  MERCOLA.com

Also view the video by Dr. Mercola about these issues with Codex.

The main issue at a recent Codex Committee on Contaminants in Foods (CCCF) meeting was the Committee’s general desire to adopt a standard of acceptable levels for the contaminant melamine in foods.

However, melamine is not naturally found in soil, water, or air — it is completely man-made.  The acceptable level should be zero.

But according to the National Health Federation:

“The CCCF party line, espoused most vocally by the European Union (EU), was to establish an acceptable contamination level for melamine at 1.0 part per million (ppm, equal to 1 milligram per kilogram of food) for infant formulas and 2.5 ppm for adults.”

The meeting ended having adopted standards of melamine contamination that will pointlessly harm humans and animals all over the world. 

Many are still blissfully unaware of the Codex Committee,conceived by the United Nations all the way back in 1962.

Before I get into their latest recommendation to allow melamine contamination in food, including baby food and infant formulas, let’s review what Codex is.

What is Codex? More

Fake “Food Safety” Bill S.510 Amended: Can we Trust the FDA? NOT!

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Live Link: Health Freedom USA

Regulation Courtesy of Kafka

“Harkin’s S. 510 claims to protect supplements while FDA Creates a Wide-Open Back Door to Destroy Them While We Are Still Celebrating”

Not long ago, a form of Vitamin B6 (pryadoxamine) was forbidden by the FDA because a drug company had studied it and wanted to make it into a drug.  Never mind that it was protected by the 1994 Dietary Supplements Health and Education Act (DSHEA) as a grandfathered item on the “Old Ingredients List”.  Recently the Fraud and Death Administration said that although we know that it had been in use before DSHEA and WAS on the list found on the FDA website, being on the list was not (hold on to your hats here) proof of being on the list and thus not proof of being grandfathered. 

Now, because another drug company wants to make another form of Vitamin B6 into a drug, and it fears, in writing, that people would take the supplement rather than the drug if it were not banned as a supplement, The FDA is considering granting its Citizens Petition to do just that. More

Senator McCain Files New Bill That Attacks Your Access to Supplements and Repeals Key Sections of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act

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 It appears since congress couldn’t pass CODEX into law quite as fast as they anticipated, John McCain is taking the first step in the “do it one piece at a time” approach.  If we don’t rid ourselves of this bunch of globalist, corporate puppeteers…..shame on us!  Marti

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 Supplement Health and Education Act

TAKE ACTION AND TELL YOUR SENATOR NOT TO CO-SPONSOR THIS BILL

Senator McCain’s bill is called The Dietary Supplement Safety Act (DSSA). It would repeal key sections of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA). DSHEA protects supplements if 1) they are food products that have been in the food supply and not chemically altered or 2) if they were sold as supplements prior to 1994, the year that DSHEA was passed. If a supplement fits one of these two descriptions, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cannot arbitrarily ban it or reclassify it as a drug.

These protections are far from perfect. They discourage companies from developing new forms of supplements. New supplements may be arbitrarily banned by the FDA or adopted by drug companies in a way that precludes their further sale as supplements.

McCain’s bill would wipe out even the minimal protections contained in DSHEA. It would give the FDA full discretion and power to compile a discreet list of supplements allowed to remain on the market while banning all others.

Everyone knows that the FDA is friendly to drug More

What’s in Your Supplements? More Than You Think.

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This begins a series of articles exposing the harmful contents of the dietary supplements most Americans use daily and trust their health to.

I was not aware of many of the harmful chemicals and additives commonly found in dietary supplements until I did some investigation of the contents labels on the twenty or so supplements I was taking for years. What I found out was enough to make me quit using supplements completely.

The first notice I made of this was when I read the contents of the Natrol Cinnamon Extract I was taking to reduce my blood sugar. I found the label includes a list of fillers, including three or four hidden sugars. To a recovering diabetic using this product for blood sugar control, this is potentially devastating. Among the other ingredients, I also found several salts – not the stuff you want to be ingesting if you also have high blood pressure. The reason I consulted the label, in the first place, was to see if there was something in the product that might be keeping my blood sugar from lowering, as I expected it to do in response to the paleolithic diet I’ve been on since November 2007. Sure enough, those hidden sugars were enough to prevent any further progress. So, I threw out my remaining supply. After quitting the cinnamon extract, my blood sugar began to drop again.

For this first installment, I will cover some typical supplements you may be taking, all of which were among those I used until recently. Not surprisingly, these are all available at Walmart, one of the chief multinational corporations involved in the SPP and paving the way into our country for poisoned Chinese goods.

Spring Valley Vitamin A, 8,000 I.U.:

Other Ingredients: Soybean Oil [all soy-based products have been found to cause intestinal porosity, a condition in which toxins from partially digested food seep through the lining of the colon and into the bloodstream and the body’s cavities, in turn causing various autoimmune diseases], Gelatin (non-bovine), glycerin [a sugar], fish liver oil & water.

Manufactured by:
Pharmavite LLC

Mission Hills, California 91346-9606
Also on the label: “This product is formulated using the highest standards you’ve come to expect from all Wal-Mart products.” [Yep, that’s what worries me!]

Spring Valley Alpha Lipoic Acid, 200 mg:

Other Ingredients: Rice powder, gelatin , cellulose (plant origin), vegetable magnesium stearate [still a salt, regardless of origin].
Other content information:
“…no sodium (less than 5 mg per serving)” [If it contains any added salts, which is what magnesium stearate is, then there is sodium in it!]
Spring Valley Vitamin B6, 100 mg:
Other Ingredients: Dextrose [a highly glycemic sugar], hydroxypropyl methylcellulose [another sugar] and magnesium stearate [a salt]

Manufactured by: Schiff Nutrition Group, Salt Lake City, UT 84104

Spring Valley Vitamin B-12, 1,000 mcg:
Vitamin B-12, 1mg (1,000 mcg), 16,667% of RDA
Vitamin B-12 in form of cyanocobalamin
Calcium (as dicalcium phosphate), 30mg, 3% of RDA
Other ingredients: Dextrose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and magnesium stearate

Manufactured by: Schiff Nutrition International, Salt Lake City, UT 84104 [could it be this corporation is run by the same Schiff family that bankrolled the creation of the Soviet Union?]

Spring Valley Flush Free Niacin (inositol hexanicotinate), 500mg:
Other ingredients: Gelatin [no source stated], vegetable stearic acid, silica [sand], vegetable magnesium stearate
“…no sodium (less than 5mg per serving)…” No? Then what do you call magnesium stearate, which is a salt?
Manufacturer: Nature’s Bounty, Inc., Bohemia, NY 11716-2510

Oh, I almost forgot. Natrol’s Cinnamon Extract also contains carnauba wax ! Yum!

More to come…

 Gary

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