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Be it resolved by the people of the state of Ohio,

ARTICLE XIV: SOVEREIGNTY; Powers and Authorities; Limitations

§1. Purpose of Ohio Constitution

The Ohio Constitution represents the voice and will of the People of Ohio for establishment and operation of their public offices and body politic for protection of their individual and collective rights, privileges and immunities. It constitutes the fundamental controlling instrument upon which all powers and authorities of the state are dependent, and without which the state shall not act.

This Constitution shall stand on its own as a self executing instrument on all public servants.

§2. Government created by, for and of the people

All political power to create, alter, reform or abolish Ohio government is inherent in, and remains exclusively with, the People of Ohio, whenever they deem it necessary. Provisions shall be established by law to effectuate the same. Government is instituted for the people’s equal protection and exclusive benefit of their individual rights and liberties, having no other purpose or interest. The people, individually and collectively, rightfully preserve and perpetually maintain their sovereignty over the state, yielding only to the rule of those laws which are in strict compliance with the purposes and intent of this Constitution.

§3. State Independence and General Duty

The state of Ohio shall operate as a free and independent republic within the Union of federated states of America, and it shall faithfully, diligently, and prudently perform, through its public servants, all delegated powers and authorities herein granted. Ohio preserves and maintains its sovereignty as a state of the Union, limited only by the federal Constitution and any applicable provisions of law established in compliance therewith.

§4. Limitation of Powers

The powers and authorities granted by the People through this Constitution to government shall be interpreted, in all respects, as a binding limitation as to the ultimate and utmost extent to which such powers and authorities may be exercised.

§5. Contracts, Compacts and Treaties

No powers or authorities shall be granted to the state of Ohio to enter into any contracts, compacts, treaties, or other public or private agreements contrary to the purposes and intent of this Constitution.

§6. Constitutional Compliance of Laws

This Constitution is Ohio’s supreme state law. No law, rule, regulation or other governing provision shall be enacted, established or enforced contrary to the express provisions and intent of this Constitution.

§7. Purposes Well Defined

No law, rule, regulation, or other governing provision shall be enacted or otherwise established or enforced that does not expressly identify the relevant mandates of this Constitution. The purpose of, and those who are affected by, such provisions shall be clearly and succinctly defined, with specificity, within the beginning text thereof, without ambiguity or open-ended language. Emergency provisions must clearly define both said emergency and upon what reasonably obtainable conditions said emergency will cease.

§8. Null and Void Laws

The constitutionality of every law, rule, regulation, or other governing provision of this state shall be subject to direct challenge, without cause, in the Supreme Court of Ohio, and if determined to be noncompliant with this Constitution, it shall be deemed null and void and without legal force or effect, from its beginning, and all powers and authorities of the state affected thereby shall be immediately terminated. Such determinations shall not be dependent upon any adversity created upon the state.

§9. State Duty Over Federal Powers

It shall be a principal duty of Ohio key executive officers, the General Assembly, and the Supreme Court of Ohio, operating individually or collectively in their official capacity, to protect the people of Ohio from all undue encumbrances by the federal government. Said protection shall include both defensive and offensive measures to ensure that no breach by the federal government or its agents causes harm or injury to the people of Ohio or their property or interests within Ohio jurisdiction.

§10. Government Accountability; High Crimes

The state shall not support nor tolerate any misconduct by public servants in the performance of their public duties. Any person who knowingly perpetrates or participates, whether directly or indirectly, in activities the result of which is contrary to the purposes and intent of this Constitution shall be held accountable, and sanctions shall be brought against them according to law, the severity of which shall be proportional to the injury resulting from the acts perpetrated. Intentional acts against this Constitution shall be considered as High Crimes against the People.

§11. Duty of Public Servants

Compliance with all relevant provisions of the Ohio Constitution is mandatory upon all public servants and their agents while in the performance of their public duties and responsibilities. Every public servant shall be duty bound by this provision to answer all applicable grievances and reasonable inquiries pertaining to the duties and authorities of their respective offices.

§12. Existing and Future Laws

All provisions of this Constitution and Ohio laws, rules, regulations, and other governing provisions shall be created, altered, revised, repealed, interpreted, and enforced to comply with this Article.

§13. Transition Period

The state and all its political subdivisions shall alter, modify, or repeal, as applicable, all existing laws, rules, regulations, and other governing provisions to fully comply with this Article within four years from the effective date of this amendment, after which time all noncompliant provisions shall be declared by the General Assembly as “REPEALED” and removed from the record without further legal force or effect. This provision shall expire upon complete satisfaction of the mandates of this provision.

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